The Société de Mathématiques Appliquées et de Sciences Humaines (SMASH) is a research organisation involved in the development of
mathematical methods applied to the social sciences. It has specific
competence on modelling and data bases in the field of energy and the
environment. Along with its technical competence, SMASH has conducted
social scientific research in energy planning, energy economics, the
rational use of energy and the development of renewable energy vectors.
SMASH’s contribution to AUGUR will be conducted under close
collaboration with the Centre International de Recherches sur
l’Environnement et le Développement (CIRED), a CNRS unit that focuses on
the interfaces between the environment, long-term natural resource
management and economic development. CIRED is a scientific department of
32 researchers. It was founded in 1973 by Ignacy Sachs to study the
tensions between economic development, long-term natural resources
management and environmental protection. Since that time it has
contributed extensively to the evolution of environmental and
development economics. In the early 70’s, CIRED played a major role in
the development of the problematic of ecodevelopment. Since the end the
80’s, CIRED’s work has focused particularly on climate change. Beside
climate change related issues CIRED conducts research in many other
areas of environmental economics including new and renewable energy,
acid rain, transport policy, water management and domestic waste.
During the last five years, CIRED has elaborated modelling systems related to relationships between economy, energy and climatic issues: long term models capturing the interactions between development patterns and the environment, decision making models under uncertainty and scientific controversies. A special focus is placed on innovation processes around energy production and uses, and on the implication of assumptions on technical change for the macroeconomic assessment of climate policies.