07. SMASH/CIRED


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SMASH/CIRED

  

The Société de Mathématiques Appliquées et de Sciences Humaines (SMASH) is a research organisation involved in the development of mathematical methods applied to the social sciences. It has specific competence on modelling and data bases in the field of energy and the environment. Along with its technical competence, SMASH has conducted social scientific research in energy planning, energy economics, the rational use of energy and the development of renewable energy vectors. SMASH’s contribution to AUGUR will be conducted under close collaboration with the Centre International de Recherches sur l’Environnement et le Développement (CIRED), a CNRS unit that focuses on the interfaces between the environment, long-term natural resource management and economic development. CIRED is a scientific department of 32 researchers. It was founded in 1973 by Ignacy Sachs to study the tensions between economic development, long-term natural resources management and environmental protection. Since that time it has contributed extensively to the evolution of environmental and development economics. In the early 70’s, CIRED played a major role in the development of the problematic of ecodevelopment. Since the end the 80’s, CIRED’s work has focused particularly on climate change. Beside climate change related issues CIRED conducts research in many other areas of environmental economics including new and renewable energy, acid rain, transport policy, water management and domestic waste.

During the last five years, CIRED has elaborated modelling systems related to relationships between economy, energy and climatic issues: long term models capturing the interactions between development patterns and the environment, decision making models under uncertainty and scientific controversies. A special focus is placed on innovation processes around energy production and uses, and on the implication of assumptions on technical change for the macroeconomic assessment of climate policies.

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